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German wasp | Vespula germanica

German wasp

Vespula germanica

Coral bush | Ardisia crenata

Coral bush

Ardisia crenata

Purple loosestrife | Lythrum salicaria

Purple loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

Pom pom weed | Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Pom pom weed

Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Canarybird bush | Crotalaria agatiflora

Canarybird bush

Crotalaria agatiflora

Peanut butter cassia | Senna didymobotrya

Peanut butter cassia

Senna didymobotrya

Rubber vine | Cryptostegia grandiflora

Rubber vine

Cryptostegia grandiflora

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Environmental Programmes

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Spanish broom

Spartium junceum

Common name:

Spanish broom

Scientific name:

Spartium junceum

Alternative common names:

Spaanse besem (Afrikaans)

A reed-like shrub up to 2,5m high with long, slender, cylindrical green branches and almost leafless. Leaves are blue-green, silky beneath, and deciduous. Fragrant yellow flowers are borne in terminal clusters 30-40cm long from August to November. Fruits are flattened brown pods to 75mm long initially covered with white silky hairs. This plant is poisonous.

Additional Info

  • Where does this species come from?

    Europe, particularly the Mediterranean region.

    What is its invasive status in South Africa?

    CARA 2002 – Category 1 NEMBA – a. 1b in Eastern Cape and Western Cape. b. 3 in Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West and Northern Cape.

    Where in South Africa is it a problem?

    Eastern and Western Cape, Gauteng, Mpumalanga

    How does it spread?

    Seed dispersal.

    Why is it a problem?

    Competes with and replaces indigenous species. Reduces grazing potential of the land. Poisonous.

    What does it look like?

    General description: A reed-like, multi-stemmed shrub growing up to 2,5m in height. Leaves: Leaves are blue-green, silky beneath, and deciduous. Flowers: Fragrant yellow flowers are borne in terminal clusters 30-40cm long from August to November. Fruit/seeds: Fruits are flattened brown pods to 75mm long initially covered with white silky hairs.

    Does the plant have any uses?

    Ornament, hedging.

    Plant me instead alternatives

    Cape honeysuckle (Tecoma capensis), honey euryops (Euryops virgineus), rattlepod/canary-bird bush (Crotalaria capensis), bush-tick berry (Chrysanthemoides monilifera), Natal laburnum (Calpurnia aurea).

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General News Updates

2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasio…

26-02-2019

This is your invitation to South Africa's 2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasions. The convention is hosted by the Centre for Invasion Biology (CIB), University of Stellenbosch, and the Biolo... Read more

2019 Invasive Species Training

22-01-2019

During the past five years (2014-2018), ISSA invasive species trainers have trained 4 000 in the identification of invasive species and laws pertaining to invasive species across South Africa.  ... Read more

Alien Grass Working Group

04-09-2018

Who are we? The South African National Alien Grass Working Group was jointly initiated by the South African Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and the Centre for Excellence in Invasion Biology (C·I·B) in... Read more

Permits for planting indigenous Cynodon?

01-03-2018

On 16 February, 2018, South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs issued amendments to the regulations and lists relating to the National List of Invasive Species.  Updates to the draft&n... Read more

Invasive species training 2018 dates released

28-02-2018

Interested in invasive species?  How much do you know about NEMBA invasive species compliance for landowners and organs of state? The South African Green Industries Council (SAGIC) have released... Read more

Communications post for Africa advertised

25-01-2018

The Nature Conservancy has advertised a brand new post:  Communications Manager, Africa Region. Knowledge of invasive species and water would be an asset in this post. See details below:    Job Titl... Read more