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Common name:Formosa lily
Scientific name:Lilium formosanum (Liliaceae)
Alternative common names:
St Joseph’s lily; trumpet lily (English); Sintjosefslelie; trompetlelie (Afrikaans)
A bulbuous plant with stems up to 2m high and purplish-brown towards the base and usually rough and hairy. The leaves are narrow, dark green and shiny. Narrow funnel-shaped, fragrant white flowers flushed with reddish-purple outside and white inside develop from January to March.
Where does this species come from?Asia (Taiwan).
What is its invasive status in South Africa?Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 1 NEMBA – Category 1b
Where in South Africa is it a problem?Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces.
How does it spread?Seeds and bulbs.
Why is it a problem?Competes with, and has the potential to replace, indigenous species.
What does it look like?General description: A tall and erect lily growing from bulbs and reaching close to 2m in height. Leaves: Dark shiny green narrow leaves tilting over from the stems. Flowers: Narrowly funnel-shaped, fragrant white flowers flushed with reddish-purple outside and white inside appearing from January to March. Fruit/seeds: Capsules, 70-90 mm long.
Does the plant have any uses?Garden ornament.