Blue Brazilian; blue jacaranda; Brazilian rosewood; fern tree (English); jakaranda (Afrikaans)
The best-known city tree in Johannesburg and Pretoria – a deciduous or semi-deciduous tree up to 22m high with a rounded, spreading crown. Dark green, hairy, finely divided and fern-like leaves which turn yellow in late autumn or winter. Attractive mauve-blue to lilac or rarely white, tubular flowers produced in pyramidal sprays at the ends of usually leafless branches, flowering from September-November. Oval, flattish, woody green capsules about 60mm long, which turn brown and split open after about a year to release numerous flat, winged seeds. It invades savanna, wooded kloofs, rocky ridges and river banks.
Tree wisteria (Bolusanthus speciosus), coral tree (Erythrina lysistemon), pom pom tree (Dais cotinifolia), Cape chestnut (Calodendrum capense).