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German wasp | Vespula germanica

German wasp

Vespula germanica

Coral bush | Ardisia crenata

Coral bush

Ardisia crenata

Purple loosestrife | Lythrum salicaria

Purple loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

Pom pom weed | Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Pom pom weed

Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Canarybird bush | Crotalaria agatiflora

Canarybird bush

Crotalaria agatiflora

Peanut butter cassia | Senna didymobotrya

Peanut butter cassia

Senna didymobotrya

Rubber vine | Cryptostegia grandiflora

Rubber vine

Cryptostegia grandiflora

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Environmental Programmes

In order to tackle our country’s socio-economic challenges, the government adopted the Outcomes based approach to improve government performance and providing focus on service delivery. find out more

Water primrose

Ludwigia peruviana

Common name:

Water primrose

Scientific name:

Ludwigia peruviana

Alternative common names:

Peruvian primrose bush, Peruvian primrose-willow.

Water primrose is a perennial, sometimes deciduous, wetland shrub that can grow to 3 and 4 metres. It reproduces by seed and there are many small sand-like seeds in 4 to 5 rows within a capsule and can produce soil seed banks of over a million seeds. 

Additional Info

  • Where does this species come from?

    Native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America.

    What is its invasive status in South Africa?

    NEMBA 1a.

    Where in South Africa is it a problem?

    North West Province.

    How does it spread?

    By seed dispersal and stem segments.

    Why is it a problem?

    Reduces the rate of flow in streams and causes wide ecological damage by increasing sedimentation. Interferes with animal’s access to drinking water and reduces water quality and blocks pumps.

    What does it look like?

    Leaves: Leaves are alternate, rarely opposite, ovate, 5-10cm long, 1-3cm wide, and hairy. Flowers: Flowers are bright yellow and quite showy, 2 to 4cm in diameter. There are four broad petals and the stamens are often in the shape of a cartwheel. Fruit/seeds: An erect capsule and the seed is light brown. There are many small sand-like seeds in 4 to 5 rows within a capsule and can produce soil seed banks of over a million seeds.

    Does the plant have any uses?


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General News Updates

2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasio…


This is your invitation to South Africa's 2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasions. The convention is hosted by the Centre for Invasion Biology (CIB), University of Stellenbosch, and the Biolo... Read more

2019 Invasive Species Training


During the past five years (2014-2018), ISSA invasive species trainers have trained 4 000 in the identification of invasive species and laws pertaining to invasive species across South Africa.  ... Read more

Alien Grass Working Group


Who are we? The South African National Alien Grass Working Group was jointly initiated by the South African Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and the Centre for Excellence in Invasion Biology (C·I·B) in... Read more

Permits for planting indigenous Cynodon?


On 16 February, 2018, South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs issued amendments to the regulations and lists relating to the National List of Invasive Species.  Updates to the draft&n... Read more

Invasive species training 2018 dates released


Interested in invasive species?  How much do you know about NEMBA invasive species compliance for landowners and organs of state? The South African Green Industries Council (SAGIC) have released... Read more

Communications post for Africa advertised


The Nature Conservancy has advertised a brand new post:  Communications Manager, Africa Region. Knowledge of invasive species and water would be an asset in this post. See details below:    Job Titl... Read more