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German wasp | Vespula germanica

German wasp

Vespula germanica

Coral bush | Ardisia crenata

Coral bush

Ardisia crenata

Purple loosestrife | Lythrum salicaria

Purple loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

Pom pom weed | Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Pom pom weed

Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Canarybird bush | Crotalaria agatiflora

Canarybird bush

Crotalaria agatiflora

Peanut butter cassia | Senna didymobotrya

Peanut butter cassia

Senna didymobotrya

Rubber vine | Cryptostegia grandiflora

Rubber vine

Cryptostegia grandiflora

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Environmental Programmes

In order to tackle our country’s socio-economic challenges, the government adopted the Outcomes based approach to improve government performance and providing focus on service delivery. find out more

Indian shot

Canna indica

Common name:

Indian shot

Scientific name:

Canna indica (Cannaceae)

Alternative common names:

Garden canna; wild canna (English); tuinkanna;  Indiese kanna (Afrikaans); udumbedumbe (isiZulu)

A perennial shrub with erect, leafy shoots 1-2m high. Large green or purple-bronze leaves sheathing the stem. Narrow flowers are red or orange, usually yellow below and the plant produces green, spiny fruits

Additional Info

  • Where does this species come from?

    Caribbean region and tropical America

    What is its invasive status in South Africa?

    Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 1 NEMBA – Category 1b

    Where in South Africa is it a problem?

    Scattered localities in KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces

    How does it spread?

    By seeds and underground rhizome

    Why is it a problem?

    Canna indica forms dense spreading clumps and competes with and replaces indigenous species

    What does it look like?

    General description: A perennial rhizomatous herb growing between 1-2m with large leaves. Bark: Indian shot is a robust perennial herb up to 1m tall that grows from a thick, branching, underground rhizome. Leaves: Large green, broad leaves, which taper to a point. Flowers: Red or orange, usually yellow below, narrow with long petals. Fruit/Seeds: Green, spiny, three-valved capsules

    Does the plant have any uses?

    Planted as an ornamental, the seeds are also used as beads in jewellery

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General News Updates

2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasio…


This is your invitation to South Africa's 2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasions. The convention is hosted by the Centre for Invasion Biology (CIB), University of Stellenbosch, and the Biolo... Read more

2019 Invasive Species Training


During the past five years (2014-2018), ISSA invasive species trainers have trained 4 000 in the identification of invasive species and laws pertaining to invasive species across South Africa.  ... Read more

Alien Grass Working Group


Who are we? The South African National Alien Grass Working Group was jointly initiated by the South African Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and the Centre for Excellence in Invasion Biology (C·I·B) in... Read more

Permits for planting indigenous Cynodon?


On 16 February, 2018, South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs issued amendments to the regulations and lists relating to the National List of Invasive Species.  Updates to the draft&n... Read more

Invasive species training 2018 dates released


Interested in invasive species?  How much do you know about NEMBA invasive species compliance for landowners and organs of state? The South African Green Industries Council (SAGIC) have released... Read more

Communications post for Africa advertised


The Nature Conservancy has advertised a brand new post:  Communications Manager, Africa Region. Knowledge of invasive species and water would be an asset in this post. See details below:    Job Titl... Read more