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Common name:Indian shot
Scientific name:Canna indica (Cannaceae)
Alternative common names:
Garden canna; wild canna (English); tuinkanna; Indiese kanna (Afrikaans); udumbedumbe (isiZulu)
A perennial shrub with erect, leafy shoots 1-2m high. Large green or purple-bronze leaves sheathing the stem. Narrow flowers are red or orange, usually yellow below and the plant produces green, spiny fruits
Where does this species come from?Caribbean region and tropical America
What is its invasive status in South Africa?Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 1 NEMBA – Category 1b
Where in South Africa is it a problem?Scattered localities in KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces
How does it spread?By seeds and underground rhizome
Why is it a problem?Canna indica forms dense spreading clumps and competes with and replaces indigenous species
What does it look like?General description: A perennial rhizomatous herb growing between 1-2m with large leaves. Bark: Indian shot is a robust perennial herb up to 1m tall that grows from a thick, branching, underground rhizome. Leaves: Large green, broad leaves, which taper to a point. Flowers: Red or orange, usually yellow below, narrow with long petals. Fruit/Seeds: Green, spiny, three-valved capsules
Does the plant have any uses?Planted as an ornamental, the seeds are also used as beads in jewellery