Tussock paspalum

Tussock paspalum

Paspalum quadrifarium

Common Name:

Tussock paspalum

Scientific Name:

Paspalum quadrifarium


Alternative common names:

Blue grass, Giant paspalum, Golden-top grass, and Paspalum

Description:

Tussock paspalum is a coarse perennial grass, 2 m high, growing in large bluish-green bunches. Rhizome short, stem compact. Leaves with longitudinal prominence on the back, 15-40 cm long and 5-8 cm wide. Flowers in clusters of 40, rust coloured, 12-30 cm long. Flowers and seeds produced twice a year.

Additional Information


Where does this species come from?

Uruguay, Argentina and Southern Brazil

What is its invasive status in South Africa?

NEMBA 2020 Category 1a.

Where does this species come from?

Uruguay, Argentina and Southern Brazil

Where in South Africa is it a problem?

KwaZulu Natal

How does it spread?

Spreads rapidly through rhizomes and seeds.

Why is it a problem?

Tussock paspalum is an aggressive grass which forms extremely dense infestations. Rhizomes spread horizontally and send up suckers, which form a large dense clump, thus outcompeting native plants. Invades river banks, lake shores, roadsides, valleys and agricultural plantations.

What does it look like?

Leaves: Leaves with longitudinal prominence on the back, 15-40 cm long and 5-8 cm wide

Flowers: Flowers in clusters of 40, rust coloured, 12-30 cm long.

Fruit/seeds: Seeds produced twice a year.

Does the plant have any uses?

Introduced in South Africa as an ornamental and horticultural grass.

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