Alternative common names:
Rooiseder, Seder, Rooi of potlood (Afrikaans)
Evergreen, coniferous tree 10-18 m high, crow greyish- green, initially conical, later with horizontal, spreading branches, bark grey to reddish-brown, peeling off in long strip. Leaves: adult leaves scale-like, overlapping, acute, juvenile leaves needle like in opposite pairs. Male and Female cones usually on separate trees, Female cones are berry-like. Flowers: males are small, yellow-brown, occurring in large groups; females are light blue-green.
Where does this species come from?Eastern North America
What is its invasive status in South Africa?NEMBA - Category 3
Where in South Africa is it a problem?Limpopo, Gauteng, Free State and Eastern Cape Provinces
How does it spread?Birds eat the Juniper berry which disperses the wingless seeds.
Why is it a problem?
Invades grassland, riverbanks and rocky outcrops. Leaves are toxic to livestock and can cause skin irritation
What does it look like?
Leaves: adult leaves scale-like, overlapping, acute, juvenile leaves needle like in opposite pairs
Flowers: Flowers: males are small, yellow-brown, occurring in large groups; females are light blue-green.
Fruit/seeds: Cone, male and female cones usually on separate trees, female cones berry-like, indehiscent, dark blue with bluish grey bloom to 6 mm
Does the plant have any uses?
Shelter, shade and ornament