Jambolan

Jambolan

Syzygium cumini

Common Name:

Jambolan

Scientific Name:

Syzygium cumini


Alternative common names:

Description:

Evergreen tree 5-10m high with white or grey branchlets. Pale- or yellowish-green, glossy, thick leaves with lateral veins very close together. White or yellowish-green flowers in much-branched, many-flowered clusters from October to April. Purplish-red, one-seeded berries that are oval to pear-shaped, 15-25mm long.

Additional Information


Where does this species come from?

Indomalaysian region of Asia

What is its invasive status in South Africa?

CARA 2002 - Category 3 NEMBA 2020 - a. 1b. b. The fruit of the jambolan is not listed if used for human consumption.

Where does this species come from?

Indomalaysian region of Asia

Where in South Africa is it a problem?

aZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and Mpumalanga Province

How does it spread?

Seed dispersal

Why is it a problem?

Competes with and has the potential to replace indigenous species. Indigenous birds could neglect the dispersal of indigenous plants as a consequence of their preference for the fruits of this alien species

What does it look like?

General description: Evergreen tree growing up to 10m with white to grey branches.
Leaves: Pale to yellowish-green, thick, glossy leaves with lateral veins very close together.
Flowers: White or yellowish-green flowers in much-branched, many-flowered clusters from October to April.
Fruit/seeds: Purplish-red, one-seeded berries that are oval to pear-shaped, 15-25mm long.

Does the plant have any uses?

Ornament, edible fruits.

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