Red deer

Cervus elaphus

The red deer is the fourth largest deer species behind moose, elk and samba deer. The males have large, usually six-pointed antlers that are shed annually. The antlers are usually shed between mid February and mid April, and new growth starts soon after the old scars have healed.

Shell worm

Boccardia proboscidea

The shell worm is an alien species from the Pacific Ocean around North America that has been introduced to the Atlantic Ocean on the West Coast of South Africa. This is the main pest species on farmed abalone in South Africa. Molecular studies have indicated that shell worm was moved between farms through the movement of infested abalone.


Boselaphus tragocamelus

Nilgai antelopes are usually found in herds of about 10 animals, but larger groups of 20 to 70 have been seen. They have good eyesight and hearing that is equal to or better than the white-tail deer, but they do not have a good sense of smell. Though they are normally silent, they can make a roaring like vocalization when alarmed. When chased they can reach speeds up to 47km/h.

Hog deer

Axis porcinus

The hog deer is a largely solitary species, but is often found in pairs, with females forming close relationships with their juvenile offspring.It feeds upon a variety of grasses, although it will occasionally forage on leaves and other plant parts, feeding during cooler periods, and digesting in the shade during the heat of the day.

Axis deer

Axis axis

Axis deer are semi-nocturnal, usually feeding for four hours after sunrise. Thereafter they seek out water and rest in the shade during the midday heat, returning to feed a few hours before sunset. They do not attempt to establish territories.

Indian blackbuck

Antilope cervicapra

The Indian blackbuck is a gregarious species. It is primarily a grazer, feeding mainly on grasses, although it eats other plants depending on seasonal availability. It is preyed upon by a number of species, including wolves and leopards, and relies mainly on its speed in order to escape.

Barbary sheep

Ammotragus lervia

Barbary sheep are relatively large sheep from the dry, mountainous regions of North Africa. They are herbivorous, feeding on a variety of vegetation such as grass, forbs, and shrubs. Seasonal variation plays a role in determining their diet. They can survive for long periods without drinking fresh water by using metabolic water.

Meller’s chameleon

Trioceros melleri

Meller's chameleon is the largest species of chameleon from the African mainland. A large male typically reaches 61cm in length, with exceptionally large specimens reaching over 76.2cm. Like most chameleons, Meller's chameleons are strictcarnivores, eating insects, smaller lizards, spiders, worms and caterpillars.Their long tongues can reach prey up to 51cm away.

Moorish wall gecko

Tarentola mauritanica

Moorish wall gecko is a species indigenous to the western Mediterranean region of Europe and North Africa. It is commonly observed on walls in urban environments, mainly in warm coastal areas, although it can spread inland. It is a robust species, up to 150mm long, and its enlarged tubercules give it a spiny, armoured appearance.

Feral pig

Sus scrofa

Feral pigs are environmental and agricultural pests. They cause damage to the environment through wallowing, rooting for food and selective feeding. They destroy crops and pasture, as well as habitat for indigenous plants and animals. They spread environmental weeds and could spread exotic diseases.