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German wasp | Vespula germanica

German wasp

Vespula germanica

Coral bush | Ardisia crenata

Coral bush

Ardisia crenata

Purple loosestrife | Lythrum salicaria

Purple loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

Pom pom weed | Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Pom pom weed

Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Canarybird bush | Crotalaria agatiflora

Canarybird bush

Crotalaria agatiflora

Peanut butter cassia | Senna didymobotrya

Peanut butter cassia

Senna didymobotrya

Rubber vine | Cryptostegia grandiflora

Rubber vine

Cryptostegia grandiflora

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Environmental Programmes

In order to tackle our country’s socio-economic challenges, the government adopted the Outcomes based approach to improve government performance and providing focus on service delivery. find out more

NEMBA in a nutshell

NEMBA in a nutshell
Lesley Henderson
Agricultural Research Council – Plant Protection Research Institute

Chapter five of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (NEMBA), Act 10 of 2004, deals with alien and invasive species. The regulations regarding alien and invasive species have taken 10 years to reach finalisation, and are expected to be promulgated by June 2014. The May

2014 draft regulations list 379 invasive plant species in South Africa which must be controlled and 238 prohibited species, which do not occur in South Africa and may not be imported. Listed invasive species represent about 32% of the total known invasive alien species in South Africa.

NEMBA lists 181 more species than the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act (CARA) which it supersedes. About 120 of these additional species are ornamentals. Category 1a, with 52 species, requires immediate compulsory control; eradication is a possibility. Category 1b, with 246 species, includes the most widespread and troublesome species which require control and landowners must comply with species management programmes if these have been developed. Category 2, with 34 species, includes commercial plantation species which require permits for cultivation; these species require control outside of the specified areas allowed for cultivation. Category 3, with 47 species, must be  controlled  within  riparian  areas.  The  importing,  growing,  propagating,  moving,  selling  and spreading of all listed invasive species is prohibited except for permitted category 2 species. Sterile cultivars and hybrids of listed invasive species which are already in South Africa are exempted unless investigations prove the contrary. Risk assessments will be required before any new introductions are exempted.

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General News Updates

2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasio…


This is your invitation to South Africa's 2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasions. The convention is hosted by the Centre for Invasion Biology (CIB), University of Stellenbosch, and the Biolo... Read more

2019 Invasive Species Training


During the past five years (2014-2018), ISSA invasive species trainers have trained 4 000 in the identification of invasive species and laws pertaining to invasive species across South Africa.  ... Read more

Alien Grass Working Group


Who are we? The South African National Alien Grass Working Group was jointly initiated by the South African Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and the Centre for Excellence in Invasion Biology (C·I·B) in... Read more

Permits for planting indigenous Cynodon?


On 16 February, 2018, South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs issued amendments to the regulations and lists relating to the National List of Invasive Species.  Updates to the draft&n... Read more

Invasive species training 2018 dates released


Interested in invasive species?  How much do you know about NEMBA invasive species compliance for landowners and organs of state? The South African Green Industries Council (SAGIC) have released... Read more

Communications post for Africa advertised


The Nature Conservancy has advertised a brand new post:  Communications Manager, Africa Region. Knowledge of invasive species and water would be an asset in this post. See details below:    Job Titl... Read more