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German wasp | Vespula germanica

German wasp

Vespula germanica

Coral bush | Ardisia crenata

Coral bush

Ardisia crenata

Purple loosestrife | Lythrum salicaria

Purple loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

Pom pom weed | Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Pom pom weed

Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Canarybird bush | Crotalaria agatiflora

Canarybird bush

Crotalaria agatiflora

Peanut butter cassia | Senna didymobotrya

Peanut butter cassia

Senna didymobotrya

Rubber vine | Cryptostegia grandiflora

Rubber vine

Cryptostegia grandiflora

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Environmental Programmes

In order to tackle our country’s socio-economic challenges, the government adopted the Outcomes based approach to improve government performance and providing focus on service delivery. find out more

Panther chameleon

Furcifer pardalis

Common name:

Panther chameleon

Scientific name:

Furcifer pardalis


The panther chameleon is one of the most sought after species of chameleon in the international pet trade due to its beautiful colouration and success of breeding in captivity. There are no known adverse effects of panther chameleon on humans.

Additional Info

  • Where does this species come from?

    Eastern and northern parts of Madagascar.

    What is its invasive status in South Africa?

    NEMBA Category 2.

    Where in South Africa is it a problem?

    Western Cape and Eastern Cape.

    How does it spread?

    It is spread via the pet trade.

    Why is it a problem?

    It requires a large enclosure and feeds primarily on crickets, but also on wax worms, mealworms and cockroaches.

    What does it look like?

    Description: Female panther chameleons are mostly dull, uniform grey, brown or faint green, except during breeding, when receptive females become pale or vivid orange to pink, later changing to black, with bright orange or pink vertical bars when gravid. Colouration and patterning varies significantly depending on the origin of location. They have specialised feet: on each foot the five toes are fused into a group of two digits and a group of three digits. On the front feet the bundle of three toes is on the inside of the foot and the bundle of two toes is on the outside. This is reversed on the rear foot, giving them a secure and strong grasp and allowing them to manoeuvre horizontally or vertically on a wide variety of vegetation or structures. Habitat: They mainly inhabit lowland, dry, deciduous forests close to thin belts of trees bordering rivers and roads. Breeding: In most locations, breeding occurs between January and May, but this may vary geographically. In some areas, females breed multiple times per year. After mating, the gestation period lasts 3-6 weeks. The females excavate burrows by digging with their front feet and then backing into them to deposit 10-46 eggs. When they are finished, they bury the eggs, fill in the tunnel and stomp down the soil to conceal the location of the nest. This is the final act of motherhood for a chameleon, and her young will be independent at birth.

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General News Updates

2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasio…


This is your invitation to South Africa's 2019 National Symposium on Biological Invasions. The convention is hosted by the Centre for Invasion Biology (CIB), University of Stellenbosch, and the Biolo... Read more

2019 Invasive Species Training


During the past five years (2014-2018), ISSA invasive species trainers have trained 4 000 in the identification of invasive species and laws pertaining to invasive species across South Africa.  ... Read more

Alien Grass Working Group


Who are we? The South African National Alien Grass Working Group was jointly initiated by the South African Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) and the Centre for Excellence in Invasion Biology (C·I·B) in... Read more

Permits for planting indigenous Cynodon?


On 16 February, 2018, South Africa's Department of Environmental Affairs issued amendments to the regulations and lists relating to the National List of Invasive Species.  Updates to the draft&n... Read more

Invasive species training 2018 dates released


Interested in invasive species?  How much do you know about NEMBA invasive species compliance for landowners and organs of state? The South African Green Industries Council (SAGIC) have released... Read more

Communications post for Africa advertised


The Nature Conservancy has advertised a brand new post:  Communications Manager, Africa Region. Knowledge of invasive species and water would be an asset in this post. See details below:    Job Titl... Read more