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Common name:Long-leaved wattle
Scientific name:Acacia longifolia
Alternative common names:
The long-leaved wattle is an evergreen shrub or spreading tree 2-6m high, with long bright green leaves that have prominent longitudinal veins. Flowers are bright yellow and cylindrical in shape, growing up to 50mm long and 7mm wide, from July to September. Originating from Australia and Tasmania, the long-leaved was cultivated in South Africa for dune reclamation, and has spread along the coastal areas, where it competes with and replaces invasive species.
Where does this species come from?South-east Australia and Tasmania
What is its invasive status in South Africa?Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 1 NEMBA – Category 1b
Where in South Africa is it a problem?Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Kwa-Zulu Natal and scattered parts of Mpumalanga Province
How does it spread?Seed dispersal
Why is it a problem?It is a transformer species which out-competes indigenous species.
What does it look like?General description: The long-leaved wattle is an evergreen shrub or spreading tree 2-6m high, with long bright green leaves that have prominent longitudinal veins. Leaves: Leaves are bright green, up to 180mm long, with 2-5 prominent longitudinal veins Flowers: Bright yellow, cylindrical flowerheads, from July to September Fruit/seeds: Pale brown pods
Does the plant have any uses?Cultivated for dune reclamation.
Plant me instead alternatives
Sand olive (Dodonea angustifolia), bush guarri (Euclea racemosa), real yellowwood (Podocarpus latifolius), duiker-berry (Sapium integerrium)