South Africa's Invasive Species Legislation

National Legislation

The Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) manages IAS under the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity (NEMBA) Act 10 of 2004. Go to National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act 10 of 2004 for more information.

National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (No. 10 of 2004) (NEMBA). This act aims to provide the framework, norms, and standards for the conservation, sustainable use, and equitable benefit-sharing of South Africa’s biological resources.
Click here for more information.

NEMBA Invasive Species Regulations – 1 August, 2014
On 1 August 2014, the Invasive Species Regulations were published in the Government Gazette. They became law on 1 October, 2014.

Please find below a copy of the entire NEMBA Regulations as they appeared in the Government Gazette on 1 August 2014.

Latest NEMBA Invasive Species Lists - 29 July, 2016

An updated set of Invasive Species Lists (as per the NEMBA Regulations) were published on 29 July 2016. This legislation becomes law on 1 October 2016 and replaces any earlier lists. The entire document published is available for downloading below.

Latest NEMBA Invasive Species Lists – 29 July 2016

 Invasive Species Lists – Individual Lists – 29 July, 2016

Individual lists of invasive species pertaining to various groups of flora and fauna (as published in the Invasive Species Lists published in the Government Gazette on 29 July 2016) are listed below for your convenience.

List 1 - National list of Invasive Terrestrial and Fresh-water Plant Species

List 2 - National List of Invasive Marine Plant Species

List 3 - National List of Invasive Mammal Species

List 4 - National List of Invasive Bird Species

List 5 - National List of Invasive Reptile Species

List 6 - National List of Invasive Amphibian Species

List 7 - National List of Invasive Fresh-water Fish Species

List 8 - National List of Terrestrial Invasive Invertebrate Species

List 9 - National List of Invasive Fresh-water Invertebrate Species

List 10 - National List of Invasive Marine Invertebrate Species

List 11 - National List of Invasive Microbial Species

Prohibited Invasive Species Lists – 29 July, 2016

Individual lists of prohibited invasive species pertaining to various groups of flora and fauna (as published in the Prohibited Invasive Species Lists published in the Government Gazette on 29 July 2016) are listed below for your convenience.

LIST 1 - PROHIBITED TERRESTRIAL AND FRESH-WATER PLANTS

LIST 2  PROHIBITED MARINE PLANTS

LIST 3 - PROHIBITED MAMMALS

LIST 4 - PROHIBITED BIRDS

LIST 5 - PROHIBITED REPTILES

LIST 6 - PROHIBITED AMPHIBIANS

LIST 7 - PROHIBITED FRESH-WATER FISH

LIST 8 - PROHIBITED MARINE FISH SPECIES

LIST 9 - PROHIBITED TERRESTRIAL INVERTEBRATES

LIST 10 - PROHIBITED FRESH-WATER INVERTEBRATES

LIST 11 - PROHIBITED MARINE INVERTEBRATES

LIST 12 - PROHIBITED MICROBES

Proposed Amendments to the NEMBA Invasive Species Lists - 29 May 2015

In 2015, proposed amendments were made to the invasive species lists published in 2014. The amendments proposed were published in the Government Gazette on 29 May, 2015.

Proposed Amendments to the NEMBA Invasive Species Lists – 29 May 2015

NEMBA Invasives Species List - 1 August 2014

On 1 August 2014, the Invasive Species Lists of the NEMBA Regulations were published in the Government Gazette. They became law on 1 October, 2014. As of 1 October, 2016 these lists fall away and are replaced by the lists published on the 29th of July, 2016 (above).

For your convenience we have divided the pages according to the various species for ease of use.

Invasive Species Lists - relating to groups of flora and fauna - that appear in the Government Gazette document published on 1 August 2014

Prohibited Species Lists - relating to groups of flora and fauna - that appear in the Government Gazette Document published on 1 August 2014

CARA - CONSERVATION OF AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES ACT, 1983 (ACT NO 43 OF 1983)
Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983 (Act No 43 of 1983) (CARA). Regulations 15 and 16 under this Act, which concern problem plants, were amended during March 2001. The CARA regulations refer to 198 invasive alien plants, which are divided into three categories.
For more information on the legal obligations regarding invasive alien plants in South Africa go to: Agricultural Research Council

AGRICULTURAL PESTS ACT - AMENDMENTS, JUNE 2014
Please find below, the Government Gazette no 37702 dated 6 June 2014, that includes information regarding the amendment to control measures in terms of the Agricultural Pests Act.