A spiny tree 3-7m high with thick, succulent branches arising from a short, woody trunk. Spines are in groups of 5-10 and the cut stems don’t exude a milky latex. No leaves but showy white flowers appear at night from November to January and produces yellowish-pink succulent berries. This cactus invades savanna and rocky ridges
A coniferous tree 12-25m high with a broad, rounded canopy. Dark green leaf needles in bundles of two to three which are very densely arranged. Yellowish-brown, woody cones 7-14cm long. This pine invades fynbos, forest clearings, grasslands, usually on moist mountain slopes
A vigorous plant up to 2m high. Broad, bright green or greyish-green leaves which sheath the stems. Showy, fragrant flowers in spikes up to 35cm long from January to March. Flowers are red with pink protruding stamens
A deciduous shrub or small tree up to 4m high with many slender branches. Drooping, dark green leaves with oblong leaflets that end in tiny, pointed tips. Showy red or orange flowers in dense sprays up to 25cm long from September to March. Brown, four-winged pods 6-8cm long and 10mm wide. Seeds, leaves and flower are poisonous.
A prickly and hairy shrub or tree up to 4m high with numerous branches starting from the base. Young twigs and branches very hairy. Greyish-green, needle-shaped leaves which start off densely hairy becoming smooth. Deep cream, small flowers from June to September. Grey woody fruit capsules with a rough surface.