A coniferous tree growing up to 15m high, conical in shape with a short trunk when young and rounded to oblong with a crooked trunk when older. Crown open with silvery-grey bark becoming darker. Grey-green to yellow-green leaf needles in bundles of two 4-8cm long. It invades grasslands and fynbos, particularly on dry soils
Apple of Peru is an annual shrub growing to 1m tall. It has spreading branches (the plant spreads to 1m wide) and the mid-green, toothed, wavy leaves are egg-shaped with the broad end at the base (ovate). The upward-facing flowers are most commonly pale blue and white, but there are also forms with violet or white flowers. The flowers are bell-shaped and 5cm or more across. Cherry-like, green-brown berries are encased within green or black mottled calyces. The mature fruits can resemble a lantern. The plant usually germinates in late spring or early summer.
A large, evergreen tree 18-30m high with a straight trunk and moderately spreading crown. Leaves are dark green above and greyish-white or rusty-silk beneath and have a fern-like profile. Golden-orange flowers in terminal, bottle-brush-like sprays from September to November. Brownish-black, leathery fruits contain up to two winged seeds
Balloon vine is a perennial, slightly woody climber with tendrils 2-5m or higher, often draping itself over trees. The stems are usually covered with bristly hairs. Bright green leaves are strongly serrated and sometimes hairy. White or yellow, fragrant flowers on compact heads appear from October to January. Membranous, inflated fruit capsules about 60mm long which are green turning brown
A tall evergreen tree up to 40m high with arching, slender branches. Leaves have minute scales in whorls and are very much pine-like. The male flowers appear as yellowish spikes and female flowers in reddish heads from September to April and this tree produces small brown woody cones about 20mm long