Aleppo pine

Pinus halepensis
Aleppo pine: Pinus halepensis Aleppo pine: Pinus halepensis

Common name:

Aleppo pine

Scientific name:

Pinus halepensis (Pinaceae)

Alternative common names:

Aleppoden (Afrikaans)

A coniferous tree growing up to 15m high, conical in shape with a short trunk when young and rounded to oblong with a crooked trunk when older. Crown open with silvery-grey bark becoming darker. Grey-green to yellow-green leaf needles in bundles of two 4-8cm long. It invades grasslands and fynbos, particularly on dry soils

Additional Info

  • Where does this species come from?

    Mediterranean

    What is its invasive status in South Africa?

    Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 2 NEMBA – Category 2

    Where in South Africa is it a problem?

    Eastern Cape and Western Cape

    How does it spread?

    Spreads by seed dispersal from the cones

    Why is it a problem?

    Competes with and replaces indigenous species. Dense stands can reduce water runoff and stream flow from mountain catchments, reduce grazing, and pose a fire hazard which threatens the survival of indigenous animal and plant species

    What does it look like?

    General description: Coniferous tree 5-15m high; conical with a short trunk when young, rounded to oblong with a crooked trunk when older and having an crown open with numerous slender branches. The bark is silvery-grey becoming darker. Leaves: Needles, grey-green to yellow-green, in bundles of two, short, 40-80mm long, slender and stiff. Flowers: Does not produce flowers. Fruit/Seeds: Produce reddish-brown, glossy, woody, conic-ovoid, 80-100mm long, clustered on stout, reflexed stalks; cone scales flat or slightly raised along a transverse ridge

    Does the plant have any uses?

    Used for shelter, poles, firewood