Formosa lily

Lilium formosanum
Formosa lily:Lilium formosanum Formosa lily:Lilium formosanum

Common name:

Formosa lily

Scientific name:

Lilium formosanum (Liliaceae)

Alternative common names:

St Joseph’s lily; trumpet lily (English); Sintjosefslelie; trompetlelie (Afrikaans)

A bulbuous plant with stems up to 2m high and purplish-brown towards the base and usually rough and hairy. The leaves are narrow, dark green and shiny. Narrow funnel-shaped, fragrant white flowers flushed with reddish-purple outside and white inside develop from January to March.

Additional Info

  • Where does this species come from?

    Asia (Taiwan).

    What is its invasive status in South Africa?

    Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 1 NEMBA – Category 1b

    Where in South Africa is it a problem?

    Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces.

    How does it spread?

    Seeds and bulbs.

    Why is it a problem?

    Competes with, and has the potential to replace, indigenous species.

    What does it look like?

    General description: A tall and erect lily growing from bulbs and reaching close to 2m in height. Leaves: Dark shiny green narrow leaves tilting over from the stems. Flowers: Narrowly funnel-shaped, fragrant white flowers flushed with reddish-purple outside and white inside appearing from January to March. Fruit/seeds: Capsules, 70-90 mm long.

    Does the plant have any uses?

    Garden ornament.