American bramble

Rubus cuneifolius

Common name:

American bramble

Scientific name:

Rubus cuneifolius

Alternative common names:

Blackberry, Gozard’s curse, sand bramble (English); sandbraam, Amerikaanse braambos (Afrikaans); ijingijoye (isiZulu)

An erect to sprawling thorny shrub growing up to 2m high with deeply ridged stems. Green, finely serrated leaves sometimes densely grey-downy beneath. White flowers with petals that are much longer than the sepals and appear from September to January. The edible fruits are red turning black.

Additional Info

  • Where does this species come from?

    North America

    What is its invasive status in South Africa?

    Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 1 NEMBA – Category 1b

    Where in South Africa is it a problem?

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces.

    How does it spread?


    Why is it a problem?

    Competes with and replaces indigenous woody and grassland species. Dense stands are impenetrable and restrict access to forestry plantations; they also restrict access to grazing and water by domestic and wild animals.

    What does it look like?

    General description: A sprawling thorny bush growing up to 1,5m high. Leaves: Green leaves with finely serrated margins, sometimes densely grey-downy beneath. Flowers: White flowers with petals that are much longer than the sepals, from September to January. Fruit/seeds: Fruits are red turning black.

    Does the plant have any uses?

    Edible fruits.